Grazhdanskaya Oborona or GrOb (Russian: Гражданская Оборона, ГрОб) is one of the earliest and most famous Russian punk bands. The name of the band can be translated from Russian as "Civil Defence" (but "grob" also translates as "coffin"). The band was created by a young Soviet dissident, Egor Letov, in December of 1984. At that point, Russian underground music was close to its peak. Rock bands such as Aquarium, Mashina Vremeni (Time Machine), and Kino were enormously popular; however, punk rock as a genre was new to Soviet underground musical scene.